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  • Writer's pictureFair Capital

The best way to find and dispute credit report errors

Updated: Nov 29, 2023

Maintaining an error-free credit report is not just a good financial practice; it's a cornerstone of your financial health. Misunderstandings or inaccuracies in your credit report can impact everything from loan approvals to interest rates. To navigate this crucial terrain, let's simplify the process into clear, actionable steps, empowering you to ensure the accuracy of your credit report and, subsequently, strengthen your financial standing.

find and dispute errors on credit report

How to Enhance Your Credit Score

1. Obtaining Your Credit Report: Before you can improve your credit score, you need to know where you stand. Requesting your credit report is straightforward. Under federal law, you’re entitled to a free copy of your credit report every 12 months from each of the three national credit reporting companies. Visit to request your reports.

2. Reading Your Credit Report: Understanding your credit report is critical. It's divided into several sections: personal information, credit accounts, credit inquiries, public records, collections, and often a summary. Each section tells a different part of your credit story, from personal details to your history of credit accounts, inquiries by potential lenders, and any public records or collections.

3. Rectifying Inaccuracies: If you spot errors, it's time to take action. Here's a structured approach:

  • Dive Into Your Report: Examine your credit report as if you're reading a financial biography about yourself. Every detail matters and needs to be accurate.

  • Spot and Document Errors: If you find discrepancies, compile evidence like bank statements or payment confirmations to support your claim.

  • Draft Your Dispute Letter: Write a detailed letter to the credit bureau, outlining each error and attaching copies of your supporting documents.

  • Send with Care: Use certified mail for sending your dispute, ensuring you receive a confirmation of receipt.

  • Engage with Creditors: If a lender or creditor is involved in the error, contact them directly with your evidence.

  • Monitor and Follow-Up: Keep track of any communication from the credit bureau and ensure corrections are made.

How do I read my credit report properly?

Reading a credit report requires understanding its various sections and what they represent. Here's a brief guide:

Personal Information: This section lists details like your name, address, Social Security number, date of birth, and possibly employment information.

Credit Accounts (Trade Lines): This section details all your credit accounts, including credit cards, mortgages, auto loans, and student loans. For each account, you'll see the lender's name, account type and number, account status, date the account was opened, credit limit or loan amount, current balance, and your payment history.

Credit Inquiries: This section lists all entities that have requested your credit report. There are two types of inquiries: hard and soft. Hard inquiries are initiated when you apply for credit and can temporarily lower your credit score. Soft inquiries, on the other hand, happen when either you or a company checks your credit for non-lending reasons, such as pre-approved credit offers. These do not impact your score.

Public Records: Here, you'll find any financial-related legal matters like bankruptcies, tax liens, or civil judgments. These can significantly impact your creditworthiness.

Collections: If you've defaulted on any accounts and they've been sent to collections, they'll appear here. This section will show the original creditor, the collection agency, the amount owed, and the date it went to collections. Having a debt with a collection agency can also significantly affect one's credit rating.

Summary: Some credit reports provide a summary at the beginning, highlighting key data points and potential areas of concern.

Sample Credit Report

How do I get my credit report?

Obtaining your credit report is a straightforward process. In the U.S., the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) entitles every individual to one free copy of their credit report from each of the three major credit bureaus (Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion) every 12 months. However, on September 18th, 2023, the three major credit bureaus announced that they will permanently offer free weekly online credit reports from Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion via, the official site that provides free credit reports.


Disclaimer: Any and all information is not intended to be, nor is it, legal advice. Please consult your attorney for information concerning allowable rates of interest.

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